Roya amarilla o estriada del Trigo (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici)

Grupo de cultivos: Cereales
Especie hospedante: Trigo (Triticum aestivum)
Etiología: Hongo. Biotrófico
Agente causal: Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici  Westend., (1854)

Taxonomía: Fungi > Basidiomycota > Pucciniomycotina > Pucciniomycetes > Pucciniales > Pucciniaceae > Puccinia


Antecedentes: Esta roya es más frecuente en la región sur por sus requerimientos de temperaturas frescas. Sin embargo, en las campañas agrícolas 2016/2017 y 2017/2018 se han observado epidemias en zonas de mayores temperaturas medias, como la zona núcleo de la Pradera Pampeana (sur de Santa Fe, norte de Buenos Aires, Córdoba y Entre Ríos). Ver nota de actualización al pie de esta página.

Síntomas y signos: Las pústulas amarillentas ocurren sobre las hojas y están dispuestas en estrías paralelas a las nervaduras.

Condiciones predisponentes:

  • Para el establecimiento de la enfermedad (infecciones primarias): Temperaturas  entre 10 a 15 ° C y formación de rocío durante varias horas.
  • Para la dispersión de la enfermedad (infecciones secundarias): Días soleados y ventosos, temperaturas  frescas de alrededor de 10 ° C a  15 C y noches con formación de rocío durante varias horas.

Manejo: Siembra de cultivares resistentes, uso de fungicidas.

 

 

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Fotos:

Puccinia striiformis Westend. Rust Fungi of Australia.

Videos:

Stripe rust of wheat (video)

GCTV20: Rust Analysis – Stripe Rust (Australia) (video)

Triple Rust Resistance (video)

Integrated Genomics Approach to combat wheat yellow rust (video)

Yellow rust in organic Warrior winter wheat (video)

Yellow Rust Disease Destroys Wheat Crop in Northern India (video)

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Herbario Virtual. Cátedra de Fitopatología. Facultad de Agronomía de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. http://herbariofitopatologia.agro.uba.ar