Tizón Bacteriano del Arroz (Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae)


Condición fitosanitaria: Plaga Cuarentenaria Ausente

Grupo de cultivos: Cereales

Especie hospedante: arroz (Oryza sativa  L., 1753)

Etiología: Bacteria. Gram negativa. Considerada hemibiotrófica

Agente causal:  Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzaeXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola

TaxonomíaBacteria > Proteobacteria > Gammaproteobacteria > Xanthomonadales > Xanthomonadaceae > Xanthomonas





El tizón bacteriano del arroz es una de las enfermedades más graves del arroz. Fue reportada por primera vez en la prefectura de Fukuoka de Japón en 1884 (Niño-Liu et al., 2006). La enfermedad se distribuye tanto en regiones templadas como tropicales.










Manejo Integrado

* Sembrar variedades resistentes

* Uso adecuado de fertilizantes, especialmente nitrógeno.

* Saneamiento: eliminar malezas hospedantes, y plantas guachas de arroz

* Mantener el nivel del agua bajo durante el período de inundaciones severas

* Control químico

* Inducción de defensas naturales





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Herbario Virtual. Cátedra de Fitopatología. Facultad de Agronomía de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. https://herbariofitopatologia.agro.uba.ar